Do You Know the Different Types of Memory? Train Your Cognitive Skills



Types of memory-cognitive ability

Where did you put the keys? Why does she look so familiar? What was his name again? Memory is one of the cognitive abilities that we use daily, without even knowing it. It allows us to properly store new information in our brain so that it can be easily recalled later. Even though this process is intuitive, it’s a lot more complicated than it seems because we have different types of memory. The good news is that this complex cognitive ability can be trained by practicing specific memory exercises.

Even though we’re not always aware of it, we can do things to train our memory to keep it from deteriorating prematurely. It’s much more effective to prevent its decline and boost our memory while its still in shape than to wait until we see signs of memory problems. Memory problems cause anxiety in those who suffer, which is why more and more people are starting routines to help them improve their cognitive functions. Many scientific studies have shown that memory is one of the cognitive abilities that can be trained with exercises designed by neurologists and specialists.


types of memory

Sensory Memory

We receive sensory memory through our senses and it lasts for a very short period of time, about 200 to 300 milliseconds. This information can be visual, auditory, tactile, etc. These memories either fade or are stored in short-term memory. The information only lasts for as long as it takes to be processed and stored.

Short-term Memory

Short-term memory is limited and has two objectives. The first is to keep information in our brain without it being present, and the second is to manage this information so that it can be used in higher mental processes. Short-term memory is also known as working memory because it is key to cognitive processing and used to perform tasks such as reasoning and comprehension.

Long-term Memory

This type of memory is in charge of storing information and is divided into two subtypes:

Types of Long-term Memory

-Implicit memory: This is used subconsciously and helps to learn new skills like driving or riding a bike.

-Explicit memory: This is used consciously and is related to remember people, places, and things. It may be semantic or episodic.

  • Semantic memory: Includes the names of people and things and what they mean, as well as information about our environment that we store throughout our life. This type of memory is used in language.
  •  Episodic memory: It remembers personal experiences. It is an autobiographic memory that includes special moments from our lives, like our first day of school.

Aside from these two types of memory, there are other fundamental subgroups for our day-to-day: auditory short-term memory, contextual memory, non-verbal memory, visual memory, working memory, etc. We’ll talk about these types of memory in the next post.

The use of all of these types of memory is essential in our day-to-day, as it is one of the cognitive abilities that we use constantly. Thanks to the scientifically validated memory games from CogniFit, you can train the different types of memory and of other cognitive skills by playing and having fun, without having to leave your house. You can start whenever you want. What are you waiting for?

Molly is a writer specialized in health and psychology. She is passionate about neuroscience and how the brain works, and is constantly looking for new content from interesting sources. Molly is happy to give or take advice, and is always working to educate and inspire.

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